September 2018 Slide of the month

  • In order for organisations to determine how to improve the quality of their decision-making processes, the Quality of Decision-Making Orientation Scheme (QoDoS) instrument was developed and validated and considered the most promising tool for assessing quality decision making during medicines’ development, regulatory review and HTA.
  • The three organisations that were selected for the studies have established decision-making systems based on their size and multinational status (for the company) and maturity level (in case of agencies).
  • Individuals from a company, regulatory and HTA agency completed QoDoS, consisting of 47 items assessing the perception of organisational practices and individual practices; they were mapped to the 10 QDMPs and a median value was calculated for each QDMP.
  • Initial feedback discussions were organised with the cohort leaders in order to discuss the relevance and clarity of the results as well as initial perception of the study method feasibility and benefits.

Main study outcomes

  • This study was the first application of QoDoS in three different settings
    • Company: three regulatory/safety sub-groups assessing the leadership team for the same decision-making process (submitting a new medicine to a regulatory agency)
    • Regulatory authority: two groups of assessors evaluating respective processes for evaluating new medicines
    • HTA agency: one external committee assessing their own practices and those of the organisation for recommending the reimbursement of a medicine
  • The results confirmed the initial feasibility of the proposed method for assessing quality decision making-practices during medicines’ development, regulatory review and HTA.
  • All three case studies demonstrated generally favourable results across the QDMPs, where overall, all three organisations have incorporated the majority of the ten QDMPs, perhaps not surprising, as all three organisations had established decision-making systems.
  • Interestingly, the QoDoS demonstrated the need for improvement across a number of practices where some similarities were identified, such as the need for better evaluation of alternatives for the three organisations and the need for better impact analysis for agencies..

From Bujar M et al. Assessment of the ten quality decision-making practices; case studies with a pharmaceutical company, a regulatory and an HTA agency. DIA, 2018.